Wednesday, September 2, 2020

The Victorian Man Essay Example For Students

The Victorian Man Essay Before distributing Far from the Madding Crowd in 1874, Thomas Hardys books were known, by perusers at that point, to be fairly disgusting a result of their fixation on nation people and not individuals from high society. This was an abnormal decision for a creator at that point, while different works of art by Jane Austen and the Bronte sisters centered their considerations to stories of the nobility. Hardys numerous Biblical and Romantic inferences added another measurement to the novel, and his regularly significant remarks appear there is a whole other world to this story than only a basic romantic tale. In Victorian England, ranch laborers supposedly was destitute individuals who aggregated huge families and were commonly less respectable in appearance and frequently had a lower expectation for everyday life. Be that as it may, Hardy endeavored to modify sentiments of city society towards the open country and its rustics by composing his peaceful catastrophe with a plan to help instruct the proficient individuals of the city. We will compose a custom exposition on The Victorian Man explicitly for you for just $16.38 $13.9/page Request now The epic is a legitimate delineation of individuals living in provincial society during the nineteenth century. Every one of the primary characters speaks to the various characters that existed in the social atmosphere at that point. The story happens in a rural piece of England in the late Victorian time frame and follows three admirers in quest for the female character whom, they feel, would be their optimal spouse. The woman at the focal point of consideration in the town is Bathsheba Everdene. Being a well off, autonomous youngster, she is exceptionally looked for after. She is the hero, moving the plot through her communication with her different admirers. Toward the start of the novel she is a poor youngster however she rapidly acquires and figures out how to run a homestead, from her uncle, in Weatherbury, where the greater part of the novel happens. The three admirers are William Boldwood, a moderately aged man of a genuine and stately character, Gabriel Oak, an unassuming and legitimate rancher, shepherd and bailiff, and Sergeant Francis Troy, the books enemy, an insightful youngster whose betting habit and imprudent conduct defeat his assurance to accomplish his objectives. Hardys love for the wide open is evident in his novel, with the principle characters either possessing or dealing with a homestead, aside from Troy. Tough adored the way of life of the town, the plays, the workmanship displays, and the music. Strong loathed Londons hatred for the nation way of life just as the individuals who looked for change and modernisation. Rustics in the novel are ascribed with trustworthiness and respectability while outcasts without any emotions are shown as coldhearted, dangerous and uncaring. Hardys books were even viewed as dull, for the most part since they were centered around the open country. In Far from the Madding Crowd, Hardy in this way intends to adjust the point of view that individuals had of the open country. Gabriel Oak, one of the three admirers, is a man who is depicted to be near nature. His character is like Hardy himself who was conceived in provincial Dorset, which has a lot of normal excellence, and was likewise near nature. The title itself additionally proposes that Bathsheba and her admirer would, in a perfect world, as to move away from the energetic, frantic air of the town, Madding (which means frantically) Crowd. A further effect on Hardys epic was his own involvement in the class framework. Hardys family were average workers society and were associated with brick work. This is reflected in Far from the Madding Crowd by showcases of friendly profound respect for ranch laborers and rustics. During the 1870s society was as yet analyzed into a class framework, since the significant ascent in plant work and industrialisation. This was because of the modern unrest happening in Britain from 1820s to 1900s. The tale shows these unmistakable progressions with the network yet demonstrates fairness to all. .u708a30f1368f77ccbd90bafec152b92d , .u708a30f1368f77ccbd90bafec152b92d .postImageUrl , .u708a30f1368f77ccbd90bafec152b92d .focused content territory { min-stature: 80px; position: relative; } .u708a30f1368f77ccbd90bafec152b92d , .u708a30f1368f77ccbd90bafec152b92d:hover , .u708a30f1368f77ccbd90bafec152b92d:visited , .u708a30f1368f77ccbd90bafec152b92d:active { border:0!important; } .u708a30f1368f77ccbd90bafec152b92d .clearfix:after { content: ; show: table; clear: both; } .u708a30f1368f77ccbd90bafec152b92d { show: square; change: foundation shading 250ms; webkit-progress: foundation shading 250ms; width: 100%; haziness: 1; change: darkness 250ms; webkit-progress: murkiness 250ms; foundation shading: #95A5A6; } .u708a30f1368f77ccbd90bafec152b92d:active , .u708a30f1368f77ccbd90bafec152b92d:hover { obscurity: 1; change: mistiness 250ms; webkit-progress: obscurity 250ms; foundation shading: #2C3E50; } .u708a30f1368f77ccbd90bafec152b92d .focused content zone { width: 100%; position: relati ve; } .u708a30f1368f77ccbd90bafec152b92d .ctaText { fringe base: 0 strong #fff; shading: #2980B9; text dimension: 16px; textual style weight: intense; edge: 0; cushioning: 0; text-adornment: underline; } .u708a30f1368f77ccbd90bafec152b92d .postTitle { shading: #FFFFFF; text dimension: 16px; textual style weight: 600; edge: 0; cushioning: 0; width: 100%; } .u708a30f1368f77ccbd90bafec152b92d .ctaButton { foundation shading: #7F8C8D!important; shading: #2980B9; outskirt: none; outskirt sweep: 3px; box-shadow: none; text dimension: 14px; text style weight: striking; line-tallness: 26px; moz-fringe range: 3px; text-adjust: focus; text-enhancement: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-stature: 80px; foundation: url( arrow.png)no-rehash; position: total; right: 0; top: 0; } .u708a30f1368f77ccbd90bafec152b92d:hover .ctaButton { foundation shading: #34495E!important; } .u708a30f1368f77ccb d90bafec152b92d .focused content { show: table; tallness: 80px; cushioning left: 18px; top: 0; } .u708a30f1368f77ccbd90bafec152b92d-content { show: table-cell; edge: 0; cushioning: 0; cushioning right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-adjust: center; width: 100%; } .u708a30f1368f77ccbd90bafec152b92d:after { content: ; show: square; clear: both; } READ: Hemingway, In The Old Man And The Sea , Examines The Struggles Of Man EssayThe tale could be viewed as essentially a romantic tale, which could be the reason it was a smash hit, the same number of individuals appreciate the rushes, treachery and dramatization of sentimental romantic tales. Tough shows how marriage ought not be veiled as a method of demonstrating that you love somebody, however that individuals need dedication, responsibility and various environments inside the family unit to be happy with hitched life. The subject of woman's rights emerges once Bathsheba gets a proposition of marriage from Boldwood. She shows that she has a solid attitude, and isn't suggested into gently tolerating his proposition, properties which were controlled by Hardys own mom. Her free status permits her to authorize her own choices without the thought of another people perspective. This empowers her to viably pick her better half. Bathsheba shows that she has control of her life, and that she won't be compelled to settle on choices by any one individual thus rejects Boldwoods proposition, understanding that he was unable to give her the existence she might want. Bathsheba feels Boldwood would work, and the salary would not be spent having a good time, and she wouldn't like to be classed as a housewife. In the current social atmosphere, throughout the years an ever increasing number of ladies are working more and resigning later, with a factor being that ladies are fitter and they don't care for being housewives.

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Favorite Quotes from Old Yeller (1956) by Fred Gipson

Most loved Quotes from 'Old Yeller' (1956) by Fred Gipson Old Yellerâ (1956) is an adored childrens novel about a kid, Travis Coates, and his chivalrous canine, Old Yeller. The epic is a Newbery Honor book (1957) and prevailed upon numerous honors the next decade. It is the work for which creator Fred Gipson is most popular, and Disney effectively adjusted the story to the big screen. Beneath, we show probably the most critical statements, just as our undisputed top choices, from this short yet amazing novel.â â Statements from the Classic Childrens Novel Old Yeller He made me so frantic from the start that I needed to execute him. At that point, later, when I needed to execute him, it resembled shooting my very own portion people. That is the amount Id come to think about the enormous yeller dog.â -Fred Gipson, Old Yeller, Chapter 1Still, they required cash, and they understood that whatever a man does, hes bound to take some risks.â -Fred Gipson, Old Yeller, Chapter 1He was a major revolting, smooth haired yeller hound. One short ear had been bitten clean up and his tail had been weaved so near his posterior that there was not really stub enough left to wag.â -Fred Gipson, Old Yeller, Chapter 2 Now, Travis, Mama said. Youre not being reasonable. You had a canine when you were pretty much nothing, however Arliss has never had one. Hes unreasonably little for you to play with, and he gets desolate.  -Fred Gipson, Old Yeller, Chapter 2 Arliss! I shouted at Little Arliss. You understand that dreadful old pooch out of our drinking water! - Fre d Gipson, Old Yeller, Chapter 3I knew then that I adored him as much as I did Mama and Papa, perhaps here and there even a smidgen more.â -Fred Gipson, Old Yeller, Chapter 6 After all that, I surmise you can perceive any reason why I almost passed on when a man rode up one day and asserted Old Yeller.â -Fred Gipson, Old Yeller, Chapter 7Shoot anything that demonstrations unnatural, and dont waste time about it. Its past the point of no return after theyve as of now chomped or scratched you.â -Fred Gipson, Old Yeller, Chapter 8A kid, before he truly grows up, is basically similar to a wild creature. He can get the brains frightened get out of him today and by tomorrow have overlooked it.â -Fred Gipson, Old Yeller, Chapter 9But we were excessively brilliant, Old Yeller and I.â -Fred Gipson, Old Yeller, Chapter 9I came to in and let him lick my hand. Yeller, I stated, Ill be back. Im promising that Ill be back.  -Fred Gipson, Old Yeller, Chapter 10Papa had left me to care for things. Be that as it may, presently I was laid up, and here was a young lady taking care of my work about in the same class as I could.â -Fred Gipson, Old Yeller, Chapter 13It was something beneficial for us, Son; however it wasnt useful for Old Yeller.â -Fred Gipson, Old Yeller, Chapter 15 That was unpleasant, he said. That was as harsh a thing as I at any point heard recount happening to a kid. What's more, Im forceful glad to figure out how my kid faced it. You couldnt solicit anything else from a developed man.  -Fred Gipson, Old Yeller, Chapter 16

Friday, August 21, 2020

MIH548 - Theory Based Research - Mod 1 Case Assignment Essay

MIH548 - Theory Based Research - Mod 1 Case Assignment - Essay Example This is essentially shown up at through deductive and inductive rationale and stinginess inside the cutoff points and areas of science and related judicious presuppositions. It is to be recalled that investigations and perceptions produce information, and in some point there would be a requirement for association among information and hypothesis, which drives the strategy past the domain of deductive soundness to assortment of information and their understanding in such a way, that the entire issue can be duplicated (Wilson 1952). John Snow is well known as a disease transmission expert who previously exhibited decisively that cholera is really brought about by microorganisms, and he deductively settled that these life forms influence the people through transmission by nourishment or water. His epidemiologic work is currently considered as the great reference of present day the study of disease transmission and has been named by Frost to be a â€Å"nearly immaculate model† (Morabia 2001). Snow’s chip away at cholera plague in London would not have been conceivable without the logical illness reconnaissance strategies authorized by Farr, which demonstrated the significance of water gracefully in South London. In light of the information gathered by Farr, Snow could arrive at a decision about the causation of cholera pestilences in London. In view of the circulation of mortality information from cholera, it was feasible for him to find the family units that were getting relatively cleaner water and thus lesser occurrence of the ailment and related passing rates (Morabia 2001). The need of a controlled analysis so as to embroil the water gracefully in the London cholera pestilence in 1848-1849 was comprehended by both, yet Snow got a scholarly jump from the information gathered by Farr, through the straightforward strategy for gathering the family units dependent on a meaning of introduction to the causative specialist. Regardless of the idea of controlled examination

Sunday, May 31, 2020

European community law - Free Essay Example

To what extent can it be said that the European Court of Justice has à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã…“run wildà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚  in its creation of the fundamental principles of European Community Law? Introduction The Court of Justice of the European Communities sits in Luxembourg. Arnull et al[1] accord this body a seminal role: à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã…“Some of the concepts which are fundamental to the way in which the Community functions are to be found, not in the Treaties themselves, but in the case law of the Court.à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚  The composition of the Court is idiosyncratic and currently consists of 25 judges assisted by 8 Advocates General. The role of the latter has no equivalent in the UK legal system. The Advocate General is to present an independent and impartial opinion to the Court after the parties have concluded their submissions. This opinion shares the character of a reserved judgment in the English courts but it would be incorrect to suppose that the Advocate is effectively sitting as a judge of first instance. His role is to make a recommendation. In practice, however, the views of the Advocate are usually adopted and currently the Court will frequently refer to the Advocateà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢s reasoning and conclusions in its own judgment. The role of the Advocate General in the development of the case law of the Union is therefore unique and highly influential. Criticism of the Court There has been frequent criticism of the Court on the basis that it is influenced by political and ideological considerations and that the role of the judges is therefore somehow à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã…“less pureà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚  than that of the domestic judiciary. This criticism was acknowledg ed by the House of Lords Select Committee on the European Communities[2]: à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã…“A strong and independent Court of Justice is an essential part of the structure of the European Unionà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚ ¦We note the criticisms of à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã…“judicial activismà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚  which have been levelled against the Court but these appear to be based mainly on cases where the Court has made Community Law effective against defaulting Member States at the instance of individuals seeking to enforce their rights.à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚  Therefore, is it correct to conclude that the developing jurisprudence of the European Court has exceeded appropriate bounds or might it be the case as the Select Committee suggests that such criticisms are more a matter of à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã…“sour grapesà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚ ? Interpretation v. Precedent There are some grounds upon which it might be argued that the Court is liberal in its interpretation of the instruments which are placed before it. For example , in CILFIT v Ministry of Health[3], the Court stated that it should interpret Community provisions by reference to à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã…“the characteristic features of Community law and the particular difficulties to which its interpretation gives riseà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚ . This might be taken to be the Court allowing itself an inappropriate degree of latitude. However, there is one immediate practical consideration that should be borne in mind. Community law is published in a number of different languages with no one language being regarded as more authentic than any other this is bound, of itself, to give rise to contextual difficulties. This was specifically acknowledged in Bouchereau[4] when the Court stated: à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã…“The different language versions of a Community text must be given a uniform interpretation and hence in the case of divergence between interpretations the provision in question must be interpreted by reference to the purpose and general scheme of the rules of which it forms a part [emphasis supplied].à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚  It would, however, be erroneous to suppose that the Court will only take account of these more general factors in instances of linguistic difficulty. Indeed in CILFIT (supra) there was express reference to the need to place every provision of Community law in its context and to interpret it in the light of Community law as a whole having regard to the objectives of Community law and its present state of development. In addition, there are instances in which the Court will look to the domestic laws of Member States where a particular Community provision is silent on the issue. An example of this was A M S Europe Ltd v Commission[5] in which the law of Members States was used to justify a finding of legal professional privilege in EC competition cases. Possibly the greatest concern in terms of the consistent operation of the ECJ is the approach to precedent. The Court of Justice is not bound by its own previous decisions. Thi s has an unfortunate practical consequence in that under Article 234 EC national courts may request preliminary rulings from the Court. In the absence of a binding doctrine of precedent, this has the result that national courts may request such a ruling notwithstanding the fact that the point in issue may already have been considered. However, it may be argued that an effective equivalent to a binding doctrine of precedent is emerging. Where in Article 234 proceedings the Court is asked to rule on an issue that has already come before it, it will simply repeat its earlier ruling: thus in Sheptonhurst Ltd v Newham Borough Council[6] the court repeated its ruling in Quietlynn Ltd v Southend Borough Council[7]. In an oblique fashion, the binding nature of precedent upon national courts was recognised in CILFIT (supra at para.21): à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã…“à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚ ¦a court or tribunal against whose decisions there is no judicial remedy under national law is requiredà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚ ¦to brin g the matter before the Court of Justice, unless it has established that the question raised is irrelevant or that the Community provision in question has already been interpreted by the Court or that the correct application of Community law is so obvious as to leave no scope for any reasonable doubt.à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚  It is submitted that this raises an alarming prospect. While an form of precedent by which previous decisions of the European Court are effectively binding upon national courts is established. The Court of Justice remains free to depart from its own rulings. Perhaps, however, this is not so alarming as might appear at first sight: it creates a situation which is reminiscent of the much-loved debate among English constitutional lawyers as to whether the House of Lords can bind itself. It does however leave the way open for a considerable degree of judicial activism. Arnull et al[8] observe somewhat wryly: à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã…“The reader of the Courtà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢s ju dgments will be struck by the fact that previous decisions are often only cited by the Court where they support its argument. Authorities which point the other way are sometimes not mentioned at all, and sometimes even resented as if they support the line the Court has chosen to take.à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚  Critics The leading critic of the judicial activism of the Court is, of course, Rasmussen[9] whose work although now somewhat antiquated still contains the valid criticism that the Court seeks à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã…“inspiration of guidelines which are essentially political of nature and hence, not judicially applicable. This is the root of judicial activism which may be an usurpation of powerà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚ . By contrast, Cappelletti[10] argued that the Court had a higher function as a constitutional court and should therefore look to a à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã…“higher lawà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚  and that the approach of the ECJ was fully legitimate since it was founded upon the wording and spirit of the EC Treaty itself. A robust defence has also been supplied by Advocate General Jacobs[11]: à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã…“If the, the Court sometimes performs the task of a Constitutional Court, and if it has developed constitutional principles in its case law, we can understand why, in some quarters, the Courtà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢s activities have been misunderstood. The Court has sometimes been criticised as a à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‹Å"political courtà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢.à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚  He then proceeds to argue that principles of constitutional jurisprudence will not be familiar in all Member States and it is this which may give rise to the misunderstanding and concludes: à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã…“Yet, in the Community system, which is based on the notion of a division of powers, some form of constitutional adjudication is inescapable, if indeed the Community is to be based, as its founders intended, on the rule of law.à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚  Another Advocate General[12] is defensive: à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã…“It is right to r emark on the extent to which the existing jurisdictions of the Court have withstood the determined assaults upon its positionà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚ ¦The fact that, over a number of years, even following what were at the time considered to be extremely far-reaching decisions, the Member States have again, and again unanimously both explicitly and implicitly given retrospective approbation to the Courtà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢s case law cannot fail to be a matter for satisfaction.à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚  A more reasoned response to this somewhat smug conclusion is expressed by Craig and de Burca[13]: à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã…“It is of course true that all constitutional courts must engage with political issues, but, given the unaccountability of courts, the nature and origin of the à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‹Å"unwrittenà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢ values which they promote should undoubtedly be critically scrutinised, as should the extent to which their decisions seem to depart from what their express powers would appear to allow. Perha ps more importantly, such judicial decision-making requires full and thorough justification, whereas the reasoning of the ECJ tends to be rather thin.à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚  Conclusion Thus it will be observed that the European Court of Justice continues to excite controversy. The criticism that it has à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã…“run wildà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚  in its creation of the fundamental principles of European Community law is therefore superficially attractive. Arguments can easily be marshalled in support of such a view. Of particular concern are the distinctions which will inevitably be drawn between this Court and the domestic courts of the Member States. Perhaps this is nowhere more so than in the UK. This countryà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢s long-established common law system with its strict adherence to precedent and rigid rules in relation to statutory interpretation as well as its insistence upon Parliamentary sovereignty is bound to conflict with the somewhat freewheeling approach of the ECJ. The re is also the deep-rooted suspicion (fuelled by the Euro-sceptic/Euro-phobe) that the European Court is an essentially political animal designed to achieve the implementation of the social engineering for which the Community is perceived to be responsible. In this regard it is true that the Court has done itself few favours; most notably by seeking to impose the following of precedent upon the national courts while continuing to regard itself as free of such constraints. While acknowledging the legitimacy of such concerns, a criticism as severe as that which forms the title hereof is probably not justified. In particular, two factors should be emphasised. First, as has been seen above in the case of preliminary rulings, the Court does impose upon itself a degree of discipline. It cannot therefore be said that its rulings are entirely capricious or based to too great a degree upon political considerations. Second, the role of the ECJ as a constitutional court should be taken serious ly. While such an entity familiar to those such as the Germans but somewhat alien to the English legal system may be regarded with suspicion, this does not diminish its status or the need for a body to fulfil such a function within the European Community. Finally, it should be borne in mind that the EC is still a relatively young institution. Certainly, it would be unfair to judge its legal institutions and jurisprudence by comparison with those of countries which enjoy many centuries of legal heritage. If the infant or adolescent ECJ has à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã…“run wildà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚ , greater maturity might be anticipated. Bibliography Arnull, A., Judicial architecture or judicial folly? The challenge facing the European Union (1999) 24 EL Rev 516 Arnull, A., Dashwood, A., Dougan, M., Ross, M., Spaventa, E. Wyatt, D., European Union Law, (5th Ed., 2006) Craig, P. de Burca, G., EU Law, Text, Cases and Materials, (3rd Ed., 2003) Fennelly, N., Preserving the Legal Coherenc e within the New Treaty: The ECJ after the Treaty of Amsterdam, (1998), 5 MJ 185 House of Lords Select Committee on the European Communities, 1996 Intergovernmental Conference (Session 1994-5, 21st Report, HL Paper 105) Jacobs, F., Is the Court of Justice of the European Communities a Constitutional Court? in Curtin, D. Oà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢Keefe (Eds.), Constitutional Adjudication in European Community and National Law (1992) 25 Rasmussen, H., On Law and Policy in the European Court of Justice, (1986) Footnotes [1] Arnull, A., Dashwood, A., Dougan, M., Ross, M., Spaventa, E. Wyatt, D., European Union Law, (5th Ed., 2006), p.388 [2] 1996 Intergovernmental Conference (Session 1994-5, 21st Report, HL Paper 105) [3] Case 283/81 [1982] ECR 3415 [4] Case 30/77 [1977] ECT 1999 [5] Case 155/79 [1982] ECR 1575 [6] [1991] ECR I-2387 [7] [1990] ECR I-3059 [8] Op. Cit., p.409 [9] Rasmussen, H., On Law and Policy in the European Court of Justice, (1986) [10] Cappelletti, M., The Judicial Process in Comparative Perspective, (1989) [11] Jacobs, F., Is the Court of Justice of the European Communities a Constitutional Court? in Curtin, D. Oà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢Keefe (Eds.), Constitutional Adjudication in European Community and National Law (1992) 25 at 32 [12] Fennelly, N., Preserving the Legal Coherence within the New Treaty: The ECJ after the Treaty of Amsterdam, (1998), 5 MJ 185 at 198 [13] Craig, P. de Burca, G., EU Law, Text, Cases and Materials, (3rd Ed., 2003), p p.99-100

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Analysis Of 1492 Conquest Of Paradise - 730 Words

During 1992 a number of movies were produced to commemorate the five hundredth anniversary of Columbuss voyage across the Atlantic Ocean from Spain to the Western Hemisphere. Demonstrations, many of them protesting against any eulogistic celebrations, became a significant part of the festivities. Some of the messages conveyed by the protests included criticisms that Columbus was not first to cross the Atlantic and indictments against the European incursion into the Western Hemisphere. These recent activities, along with the movies produced and the books written on the long ago events, indicate that the assessment of Columbus as well as many other things in world history associated with his voyage is once again under historical†¦show more content†¦1492: Conquest of Paradise clearly reveals that Columbus has many enemies among certain Spaniards, some of whom are willing to fight him on the battlefield. As the movie concludes with Columbus trying to redeem himself after th e disaster on the island of Hispaniola (present-day Haiti and the Dominican Republic), the viewer may be left with the impression that any prospect of paradise has been utterly destroyed. Today many critics of the Western Heritage, particularly those who focus on the United States, hold the view that the European occupation of North and South America was a conquest that callously destroyed viable cultures. Much of the enmity for that destruction falls upon the shoulders of Columbus. While it is a vast distortion to blame Columbus for all that happened, it is true that within two generations of the 1492 voyage many cultures and civilizations had been destroyed. The two most notorious campaigns of conquest, carried out by Spanish conquerors, were against the Aztecs in Mexico and the Incas in Peru. More than the conquests and even the slave labor that the Spaniards impressed upon the natives, it was the European diseases that decimated the ranks of the Amerindians. Also, what is often overlooked, is that, in what has come to be known as the Columbian Exchange, Europeans brought back syphilis to their continent from the Amerindians. During the sixteenth century, thisShow MoreRelatedWriters And Editors On Canovista Restoration Essay1385 Words   |  6 PagesAmerican literature, which was the world conquest, was truncated. Only in the twentieth century American culture, rip of its primitive root of pre-Columbian culture, was reunited with the interest due to archaeologists and ethnologists who bring to light this extraordinary culture. Discover and assume that root had been buried, found that since the twentieth century an alliance between the pre-Columbian culture and the new culture that prevailed during the conquest and colonization to lie. The ColumbianRead More Columbus and the New World Discovery Essay4487 Words   |  18 Pagesand colonization with legalized occupation, genocide, economic exploitation and a deep level of institutional racism and mor al decadence. The Council of Churches three-page statement is a stern indictment of the criminal history of the European conquest. The quincentennial, the resolution concludes, should be an occasion not for celebration but for repentance. The government of Canada has decided not to celebrate the quincentennial at all, on the ground that the arrival of Columbus led toRead MoreEssay Utopia4252 Words   |  18 Pagespleasant fable written by a humanist for the amusement of himself and his scholarly friends. 10. A fruit of classical studies, following Plato’s Republic. 11. An early plan for British imperialism. 12. A Christian humanist account of a scholar’s paradise, where philosophers are kings and the church purified. 13. A society constructed as the direct opposite to England for the purpose of disguising social criticism. 14. A description of a desirable and possible organization of city republic.’ (Pg.

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Manual Handelling of Pashients for Clinical Placement

Question: Describe about the Manual Handelling of Pashients for Clinical Placement. Answer: In the present assignment, I am reflecting on a situation that took place during my clinical placement in Liverpool hospital to develop and utilize my core practice skill of manual handling of patients to ensure patient safety. I am using Gibbs Reflective Cycle, 1988as it has the most suitable framework for my reflection (Gibbs, 1988). The model consists of six stages. It starts with the description of the situation, feelings as to what I thought and felt after the event, evaluation of the positive and negative impact and the required implementations, analysis of the situation, conclusion and action plan for facing such incidents further in future. I would describe the situation as to what happened during my clinical placement. I was assigned a duty to take care of a patient who had dementia. The patient motor skills had decreased and had restrictions in mobility which is common among dementia patients. Cognitive impairement increases the likelihood of development of Dementia (Leroi et al., 2012). The Registered Nurse (RN) asked me to lift and shower the patient. I helped in moving the patient and transferred him to the bathing area, while lifting his knee got hurt. I stepped out of the shower to obtain the required articles for bathing the patient. When I came back, I saw that the patient had fallen down and I found my patient in a risky situation where he might have got injuries. I would discuss about my feelings and thinking after the incident had happened. I felt guilty of the incident that the patient fell down because of my careless attitude towards him. I felt I was irresponsible and unable to take care of the patient. I would evaluate and state the implications. The positive aspect was that I had learned from the incident that before taking the patient to the shower, I should keep everything readily available and I was given a counseling session by my RN that helped me largely. The negative aspect was that I felt disastrous and thought of leaving my degree mid way. I would analyze the situation. I have learned that sense of responsibility and awareness are the two most important components for handling of such patients. I have realized that I should have taken everything prior to taking the patient to the shower. I would provide the action plan for adopting new practices and skills in case this situation arises again. It would include development of required skills for manual handling of patients like lifting, transferring, ergonomic approach and risk assessment techniques, (Jootun Pryde, 2013). Moreover, I have learned the fall prevention practices, post fall care, revirw and analysis to prevent further harm to the patients during hospitalization (Miake-Lye et al., 2013). Moreover, the patient had lack of cognitive abilities, so in such cases, I would check the footwears, regular checks on conditions of feet for bruises, deformities and pressure areas (, 2016). I would conclude that I have gained practical experience and knowledge from the situation that I had encountered while handling the dementia patient. I have learned that by developing proper skills and practices with responsible and positive attitude, I would become a good registered nurse in future. I am looking forward to achieve my goals of serving the diseased and ill people with care and empathy throughout my life. References: Gibbs, G. (1988). The reflective cycle.Kitchen S (1999) An appraisal of methods of reflection and clinical supervision. Br J Theatre Nurs,9(7). Jootun, D., Pryde, A. (2013). Moving and handling of patients with dementia.Journal of Nursing Education and Practice,3(2). Leroi, I., Pantula, H., McDonald, K., Harbishettar, V. (2012). Neuropsychiatric symptoms in Parkinson's disease with mild cognitive impairment and dementia.Parkinsons Disease,2012. Miake-Lye, I. M., Hempel, S., Ganz, D. A., Shekelle, P. G. (2013). Inpatient fall prevention programs as a patient safety strategy: a systematic review.Annals of internal medicine,158(5).,. (2016). Retrieved 15 October 2016, from

Friday, April 17, 2020

Working Mothers an Example by

Working Mothers Working mothers are a widespread social phenomenon that reflects both economic necessity and new-found freedom for women to go beyond their traditional role in society. Just as mothers have responded to this dual challenge and responsibility, so too should the rest of society. One of the toughest choices of a woman's life comes with motherhood. The question is whether to stay at home or pursue a career? Both types of mothers deserve recognition, but the question remains, "What is best for the children?" Many mothers have special reasons and feelings about working outside of home. Need essay sample on "Working Mothers" topic? We will write a custom essay sample specifically for you Proceed Some mothers want the self-fulfillment of having a career; they suppose their children will be more self-sufficient and more mature than children with full-time mothers. They work for their own emotional well-being, and deal with dual duty by balancing work and family. Unlike stay at home moms, working mothers have high self value as they are working in the same way as men, and their lives are not restricted to just children and husband. In present society if you ask a woman what her occupation is, and she is known as a stay-at-home mom, people have the tendency to look down on her. However, if she is a working mom, they might ask, "how does she manage it all?" This problem with many women makes it harder for them to decide between their children and work. One cannot be the best career woman and the best mother at the same time; a woman has to decide one over the other. (Goldman, 47-54) There are some married women who are economically strong and their husbands work, these women must make a decision whether they should work or stay home. Family life would be better if mothers decide to stay at home. Of course, these assumptions did not apply to millions of women who had to work to put food on the table and keep a roof over their heads--women abandoned by their husbands (or who never had husbands), for example, or women who filled a whole variety of jobs ranging from maid to laundry worker to factory worker.(Hirshman, 112-115) It is important throughout this discussion of the pressures of jobs and families to bear in mind that to a large degree this applies to middle- and upper-middle class families in which women once stayed at home and now are most often found holding daytime jobs. When thinking of working women, two models come to mind. One of which is paid employment that has a protective and positive mediating effect. Employment protects women against certain negative aspects of being full-time homemakers and mothers, such as monotonous housework, reliance on the male partner for financial and emotional support, increases self-respect because they are causal to the world they live in. These women receive a transformed interest in life because they are in the thick of it. They are living life to the fullest. This model is the one that is regularly referred to as "bad" because it portrays the woman as someone who does not actually care about the consequences of working will have on the baby. (Goldman, 47-54) In fact, most of these mothers have made this choice with thorough care. They are continually feeling what everyone is thinking, and this in turn causes unnecessary stress on these mothers. The other model of the working mom is the one most people think of when talking about working mothers. This model is one of a woman having too many demands of her --housewife, mother and paid employee - which may lead to responsibility strain due to tiredness and role excess. The contending demands of such roles may also lead to clashes and mental stress. Both of these models can be seen in the working mother at any given time. They are simply a fact of life, an outcome of the world in which we live. Mothers are continually jumping back and forth in these roles, determined to find a sense of balance. If the scales were balanced, it would seem that they would either be cruel heartless women, simply worried with their jobs, and caring less about their children. (Hirshman, 112-115) This is simply not the case. It seems that the perfect circumstances is when the father helps around the house, as to ease some of the stress the mother feels from working and the aptitude for the mother to h ave a supple schedule. American society was willing to grant part of this wish--a greater percentage of women now attend college than do men--but not both parts. Today, a majority of women hold jobs outside the home, but when they get home, things haven't changed much. Its still Mom who is expected to cook dinner, make sure the children have clothes for school, oversee arrangements for birthday parties, and so forth. As a general rule--one that is difficult to measure with precise statistics--men have been willing to take advantage of having a second income stream without stepping up to relieve their wives of a myriad of household tasks traditionally assigned to full-time mothers. It cannot be over-emphasized that this last statement, like many in this essay, applies to a broad range of "average" families. It's not hard to find instances where the male has become a full-time stay-at-home Dad while the mother works outside the home, or instances in which males share equally in family care. But it's a lot easier to find instances where mothers take on a job while not giving up their role at home. (Jacobs, 92-97) Ironically, women's new-found freedom to pursue careers has introduced a new element in the "economics" of family life--freeing women from the "economic bondage" of marriage. Before women regularly earned salaries, the fact that their husbands were the sole source of income served as a disincentive to divorce--the cost was too great and there was no effective guarantee that the ex-husband would contribute alimony. (Goldman, 47-54) Today, women find it much easier to exit from unhappy or unsatisfying marriages; indeed, the majority of divorces are instigated by women. Many working mothers today are facing the reality of the "second shift". This is where they put in a full day of work at the office only to come home to start their "second shift", the one that entails all the housework and the raising of the family. Mothers feel that they have no choice in the matter, in order to be the "perfect" mother; they need to put in this shift, because it is their responsibility. But why is it their responsibility? Why does the father feel it is his right to come home and relax, when the mother is busy fixing dinner, and disciplining children? In order for the working mother to keep her understanding, the father needs to jump in and help with the household tasks that were formerly held by the homemaker. (Hirshman, 112-115) Many women today want and desire careers and a place in this world. They want to become a self-sufficient individual, free of reliance on another individual. Most importantly, the money earned by working mothers is advantageous to both their children and families, and they can afford sending their infants to day care centers or having a governess for them. Many working parents commit that they both work because they need money, but, they should also concern on an old truth - children need love and attention that money can not buy. On the other hand, stay-at-home moms have different viewpoint towards family relationship. One perception is the relationship among the spouses and the other outlook is the relationship between the parents and the children. Early infancy is a very vital stage in the raising of a child, and the mother's role at that stage is better than that of anyone else. For a great purpose that God has determined, the only nourishment of the baby at this stage is by nursing from its mother. This does not only medically affected the health of the child, but also has psychological effects. For these reasons, doctors always advise mothers to nurse their babies themselves, and if for some account a mother could not, she is advised to keep it close to her and take care of it all the time.(Jacobs,: 92-97) Therefore, one can understand the mistake a mother makes when she leaves her child at this stage to a day care or to a governess who takes care of it. It is also very tender for a mother to leave a crying child, giving out the role of motherhood with a stranger, and neglecting the child's emotional needs. In such a situation, a baby misses a lot of the psychological care it needs. This suggests that a mother can leave matters of cooking, house cleaning, and similar chores to the maid, because a baby will not receive as much tenderness and care from a maid as from its own mother. According to the psychological perspective, infants without a bond are likely to grow up with some serious character disorders as well as become depressed and neurotic. On the other hand, infants who receive enough attention and admiration from parents from the beginning are most likely to succeed socially and emotionally. Not only infants, children also need special care in their teen years as this is an important stage in their life. (Goldman, 47-54) As fathers are usually busy, a mother therefore should spend most of her time with them. A mother can be more aware of the affairs and activities of her children. Thus, in this way the children would be able to get enough affection and mother would be more likely to discover problems that her children suffer from. Their values and morals can be guided and the children can be disciplined more consistently. Conclusion There is no doubt that it is extremely difficult for a woman to work outside and take care of the child at the same time as raising a child is also a full time career with its own ample rewards. Because every person has the limited amount of time and energy so the women with competing demands suffer from overload and inter-role conflict, which make their life stressful and less satisfied. On the other hand, stay at home moms receive gratification and inner satisfaction from knowing they are giving their children a strong moral foundation and are being able to watch them grow. When mom does not work children develop tremendous feeling of fulfillment and thought of being important that makes them feel more secure and more confident. There an issue arises, which is why can't father stay home with children? A woman is born with the nature of making her house and children her first priority whereas men are expected to be protectors and caretakers of the family. Also, children do not feel comfortable when their father stay home instead of mother. The above information on this subject is controversial, but it also demonstrates that majority of married women have a lifestyle choice instead of an economic choice. It all comes down to women's satisfaction, if they are happier working or staying at home with their children. It is an important decision that all mothers must make, but how it influences their children is still debatable. In short, both the quantity and quality of time spent with children are better when mom is at home. There is not any job as challenging as raising a perfect child, which is a full time career. Works Cited Goldman, Paula (Ed). Imagining Ourselves: Global Voices from a New Generation of Women. Novato, CA: New World Library, 2006: 47-54 Hirshman, Linda R. Get to Work: A Manifesto for Women of the World. New York: Viking, 2006: 112-115 Jacobs, Jerry A, and Kathleen Gerson. "The Time Divide: Work, Family and Gender Inequality." Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2005: 92-97.